Antahkarnana is Indian or oriental concept while mind is occidental or western concept. Are Antahkarnana and mind the same entities? Both are representative of their own philosophies. Antahkarnana represents Indian thought of philosophy while mind represents western school of philosophy. The world famous verdant school of thought gave the concept of Antahkarnana to understand the concept of all powerful BRAHMA. Brahma is the creator of the universe. He is considered the primordial energy or force of world from which all entities or forms have evolved .sansar or prakriti is born out of this energy and it has no real existenceand is illusion only. It is the reflection of reality. Irrespective of the school of thought, there have been two male and female principles in Indian philosophy. Shiva and parvati Radha and Krishna are the male and female principles of the creative power. In yoga these have been described by Ira and pingla or prayga or upaye. The verdant thought of almighty is synthetic one .verdant philosophy is non dualistic in nature. According to Vedantic thought the supreme power or Braham is one and it can not be broken in entities. Vedanta considers the individual self as Maya or illusion. The ultimate aim of human life is to attain emancipation or moksha. Moksha is freedom from all bondages of life. Antahkarnana is “inner instrument” or mind which is link between body and spirit. This definition of mind includes will, feeling thought and imagination. The yoga sadhna or physical discipline is means of bringing the body more in line with spirit. Consciousness many also be regarded as encompassing both mind and body. In the occult doctrine the Antahkarnana is refereed as the umbilical chord or energy channel that connects the lower self, consisting of every day consciousness and the personal unconscious to the higher self. This higher self is sometimes called as super conscious.
The Vedantic philosophy has given the vivid description of mind. It has divided the Antahkarnana into four distinct components or entities. Vedanta has defined Antahkarnana as internal organ or “inner instrument” of human body
• Manas ( mind ) — that part of the Antahkarnana that controls sankalpa and vikalp(will or resolution)
• Chitta (memory) ---- the part that deals with remembering and forgetting
• Budhi (intellect) ----the part that controls decision taking and decision making
• Anhahkar -----the part that identifies the Atman (the Self) with the body as 'I'),
The Manas is the mind of western scholars and philosophers. Chitta is the memory and Budhi is intellect and Anhahkar is ego or self. Manas or mind occupies the pivotal or central position in this composition of Antahkarnana. Chitta is the reservoir of our past memories or past recollections. Budhi is the discriminatory power that makes distinction between good and evil, pious and evil and takes part in decision making. Anhahkar or self is the motivating and guiding force of body. The atman is beyond these four entities. Anhahkar or I is falsely associated with atman. These four formless entities are attached to our body but our spirit (soul) or Atman is formless and is beyond the reach of these four faculties. The realization of self is the supreme aim and mission of every individual. Our body is material and Atman is immaterial. Mans or mind is link between our physical body and immaterial body that is Atman.antahkarnana is the line or medium that connects our personality, the lower self (our physical mental and emotional planes of existence) with the higher self(Atman )