The early detection of ovarian cncer is still a subject of uncertainty in spite of the fact that best screening techniques are available now than these were fifty years back.
Ovarian cancer is very common in women. It is very deadly and aggressive .It is ranked as one of the five top cancer killing women. Some experts of subject describe it as most deadly of gynecological caners. Roughly 25000 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer annually in America alone. . According American caner society an estimated 21,880 American women will be diagnosed with the disease this year and 13,850 will diefrom it Fewer than half — 46% — of women will be alive five years after diagnosis. This is very heart breaking and alarming prediction. . The problem with this cancer is that when it is diagnosed than it is already too late. By that time caner has spread to other organs by way of metastasis .only one among five victims is found in early stage or diagnosis. So the logic goes that if ovarian cancer is detected early than it could be safely managed. But early diagnosis is not so simple. The anatomy of this organ is very complex. Ovarian caner can not be as easily detected as is case with mammary carcinomas. The screening of mammary cancer is very reliable and simple. The deep location of ovaries makes the work of its finding very difficult. The tumors in ovaries can not be felt as easily as in mammary gland.
According to the assumption of Dr Berg Ultrasound scans help doctors see unusual growths in the ovaries, but they can’t tell by looking if it’s a benign cyst or a malignant tumor a part from screening scan the other important diagnostic test is blood test, called CA-125, It is also not specific as far as diagnosis of ovarian cancer is concerned. CA 125 is a protein that is a so-called tumor marker or bio marker, which is a substance that is found in greater concentration in tumor cells than in other cells of the body. Ovary cancer cells shed the CA-125 protein into the blood. But in many women more than half this marker is not present in enough quantity in the blood of women to raise any alarm bell. And if a blood test does detect high levels of CA-125, that doesn’t necessarily mean that a woman has ovarian cancer. The raised blood level of CA—125 may be ascribed to other factors like endometriosis fibroid and cancers in other locations. Most ovarian growths in women under age 30 are benign, fluid-filled cysts. Even if the ovarian cancer is diagnosed and operated than surgical complications are not less horrifying
• Pelvic pain
• Abdominal pain
• Bloating or ascots
• Increased abdominal size
• Difficulty eating
• Feeling full quickly
• Abnormal periods.
Risk factors for ovarian
Risk factors that increase the chances of developing cancer include
• String family history of cancer
• Age above 55 post menopausal.
• Never being pregnant.
It is a myth that ovarian cancer can be early detected by scan screening or CA—124 blood test. It is also myth that after early detection of cancer of ovary life expectancy can be increased. Jill u in a recently published article in the los angels times under the heading ‘ovarian cancer screening does more harm than good study shows.” justifies the myths prevalent among different sections of society.