Psilocybin mushrooms (magic mushrooms) are fungi that contain the psychoactive compounds psilocybin and psilocin. There are approximately 190 species of psilocybin mushrooms and most of them fall in the genus Psilocybin. Psilocybin mushrooms area also called magic mushrooms as these contain hallucinogenic compounds in their chemical compositions. The most hallucinogenic is the synthetic LSD.Many other hallucinogens that occur naturally may be referred as magic mushrooms, DMT (dimethyltraptamine) , mescaline, datura or angel’s trumpet .Hallucinogenic as the name suggests are the chemicals that produce hallucinations in the human mind pertaining to different senses or sense organs.Hallucinogens change the perception of thepeople about their environment and surroundings. The perception of reality is greatly changed by consuming hallucinogens.
Hallucinogenic mushrooms may have a history that dates back as far as one million years ago, and are said tobe originated in East Africa. There is some archaeological evidence for their use in ancient times Hallucinogenic species of Psilocybin have a history of use among the native peoples of Mesoamerica for religious communion, religious ceremonies divination, and healing, from pre-Columbian times up to the present day. Poisonous and lethal wild mushrooms can be easily mistaken for psilocybin mushrooms, but true psilocybin mushrooms are non-toxic National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, a branch of the Center for Disease Control rated psilocybin less toxic than aspirin When psilocybin is ingested, it is broken down to produce psilocin which is responsible for the hallucinogenic effects The total psilocybin and psilocin content of the mushrooms which varies significantly both between species and within the same species, but is typically around 0.5-2% of the dried weight of the mushroom Crude poisoning Long term effects in crude poisonings such as flashbacks or Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder - reoccurring hallucinations. These occur even after much time has passed since the drug was ingested. The cause of these hallucinations is unknown, but they have been reported after as little as one experience with the drug. The precise prevalence of these effects is also unknown. Magic mushrooms have also been controversially associated with long term effects such as panic attacks, depression and paranoid delusions. Even with these potential risks, magic mushrooms were rated as one of the safest of all recreational drugs by experts in a study by the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs Magic mushrooms contain psilocin and psilocybin. These compounds are psychedelics. They will cause an effect similar to a "trip" on LSD. Loss of reality may be experienced and severe anxiety and paranoia can occur. One